Posted on July 23, 2014

Photo: flickr

1. Develop awareness

This is the step most people skip. Why? Because it feels like we already know the answer. But sometimes the situations, physical signs and emotions that accompany anxiety aren’t as obvious in the moment.

Here are a few common symptoms of stress and anxiety:

Excessive sweating
Tension and muscle aches
Trembling or shaking
Dry mouth

So, try keeping a kind of 'anxiety and stress journal', whether real or virtual. When do you feel anxious and stressed and what are those physical signs of anxiety? When you can identify what's stressing you out and how your react, you'll know when to use the techniques below.

2. Simple power of your breath

The mind and the body each feed back to the other. For example, standing confidently makes people feel more confident. It's the same with anxiety: taking conscious control of breathing sends a message back to the mind.

So, when you're anxious or stressed, which is often accompanied by shallow, quick breathing, try consciously changing it to relaxed breathing, which is usually slower and deeper. You can count slowly while breathing in and out and try putting your hand on your stomach and feeling the breath moving in and out.

3. Avoid venting emotions

Some of the ways we react to stress are built on false conceptions of how the mind works.'Venting' — letting your emotions out in an angry, tearful and emotional rush — is a good example.

It's commonly thought that emotions have to be 'let out' in order to reduce them. This simply isn't true. Venting emotions can actually cause them to become more powerful, rather than allowing them to subside or reduce.

None of this is to say that you shouldn't talk to others about what is happening, it's just that the form it takes shouldn't be a blast of raw emotion.

4. Rethink your mindset

One way to deal with stress is to change the way you think about stressors. You can do this by reframing the stressful tasks you have to do.

For example, giving a presentation is stressful but, on the other hand, it's a chance to demonstrate your expertise to others and to network.

One study on how to beat stress had bankers watching a 'stress-is-enhancing' video which suggested that some people do their best work under pressure.

For example, Captain “Sully” Sullenberger landed his stricken airliner on the Hudson River and Winston Churchill successfully led Britain through WWII.

Those who'd seen the 'stress-is-enhancing' video did develop a more positive stress mindset. This led to them reporting better performance at work and fewer psychological problems over the subsequent two weeks. In addition, thinking that stress is enhancing was associated with lower levels of cortisol, a hormone closely associated with the stress response.

In other words, people's physiological reaction to stress was better when they endorsed the idea that stress is enhancing.

5. Accept what can't be changed

Sometimes, though, trying to find the upside of a stressful situation can be hard. Some situations are what they are and there are no ways to fool yourself into thinking about them differently.

In that case it's better just to accept the situation, rather than fighting it.

Acceptance doesn't mean it's right, that you're happy about it or that you ignore it. It also doesn't mean that you give up. Rather it's acceptance that something can't be changed and it is wasted effort trying to work out how it can be changed, or how it could have been different.

To read the full list, please click on the link below.

Category(s):Anxiety, Stress Management

Source material from PsyBlog

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